Interaction of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) legumin with oxidized linoleic acid.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry

PubMedID: 10552371

Sánchez-Vioque R, Vioque J, Clemente A, Pedroche J, Bautista J, Millán F. Interaction of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) legumin with oxidized linoleic acid. J Agric Food Chem. 1999;47(3):813-8.
Chickpea legumin has been purified and incubated under oxidizing conditions with linoleic acid to investigate the influence of this acid on the structure and nutritional quality of the protein. At the end of the incubation time, >30% of the linoleic acid was oxidized. The oxidized linoleic acid was highly detrimental to legumin, and the electrophoretic pattern of the protein was completely changed after the incubation period. Nevertheless, neither polymerization nor cleavage of the protein was observed as deduced from gel filtration chromatography, suggesting that the changes observed in native electrophoresis were probably due to oxidation of legumin. The incubation of legumin with linoleic acid also produced a diminution of the contents of methionine and histidine, by 81.3 and 24.3%, respectively. Finally, in vitro protein digestibility of chickpea legumin was also seriously affected by the incubation with linoleic acid, decreasing from 84.1 to 69.2%.