[Acute respiratory insufficiency: prehospital management of obstructive pulmonary diseases].

Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS

PubMedID: 22147610

Kruska P, Kerner T. [Acute respiratory insufficiency: prehospital management of obstructive pulmonary diseases]. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2011;46(11-12):726-34.
Acute respiratory insufficiency due to obstructive pulmonary diseases is a common problem presenting to the emergency medical service. Most frequent causes are acute asthma attacks or acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The preclinical differentiation of both diseases may be difficult, so that the diagnosis is often made by precise anamnesis. This article reviews the prehospital management of asthma and COPD, including pharmacological options and techniques of mechanical ventilatory support (non-invasive vs. invasive).