Environmental justice, values, and scientific expertise.

Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal

PubMedID: 23002582

Steel D, Whyte KP. Environmental justice, values, and scientific expertise. Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2012;22(2):163-82.
This essay compares two philosophical proposals concerning the relation between values and science, both of which reject the value-free ideal but nevertheless place restrictions on how values and science should interact. The first of these proposals relies on a distinction between the direct and indirect roles of values, while the second emphasizes instead a distinction between epistemic and nonepistemic values. We consider these two proposals in connection with a case study of disputed research on the topic of environmental justice and argue that the second proposal has several advantages over the first.