Diabetes and cancer: Could vitamin D provide the link?

Journal of diabetes and its complications

PubMedID: 23164631

Ahmad S, Chowdhury TA, Boucher BJ. Diabetes and cancer: Could vitamin D provide the link?. J Diabetes Complicat. 2013;27(2):184-90.
Diabetes and cancer are common diseases that may co-exist in the same individual. There is significant evidence that patients with diabetes have increased risk of developing certain cancers, especially colorectal, pancreatic and primary hepatic cancer. There is also good evidence that low levels of vitamin D are associated with increased risk of diabetes and increased risk of colorectal, and possibly other, cancers. In this article we propose that low levels of vitamin D may increase the risk of cancer in people with diabetes and describe potential molecular pathways. We suggest that large scale randomised trials of vitamin D supplementation in patients at risk of diabetes, and in patients with established diabetes to examine the effect on cancer risk, are required.