A Mouse Model Validates the Utility of Electrocochleography in Verifying Endolymphatic Hydrops.

Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO

PubMedID: 24509791

Melki SJ, Li Y, Semaan MT, Zheng QY, Megerian CA, Alagramam KN. A Mouse Model Validates the Utility of Electrocochleography in Verifying Endolymphatic Hydrops. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol. 2014;15(3):413-21.
Endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) is a disorder of the inner ear that causes tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss. An elevated ratio of the summating potential (SP) to the action potential (AP) measured by electrocochleography has long been considered to be the electrophysiological correlate of ELH-related clinical conditions, such as Meniere's disease, but in vivo confirmation and correlation between an elevated SP/AP ratio and ELH has not yet been possible. Confirming this relationship will be important to show that elevated SP/AP ratio is indeed diagnostic of ELH. Here, we sought to confirm that an elevated SP/AP ratio is associated with ELH and test the hypothesis that severity of ELH and hearing loss would also correlate with the SP/AP ratio in vivo using the Phex (Hyp-Duk) /Y mouse model of postnatal ELH. In addition, we describe a minimally invasive approach for electrocochleography in mice. Auditory brainstem responses and electrocochleography data were collected from controls and Phex (Hyp-Duk) /Y mutants at postnatal day 21 and the mice (all male) were euthanized immediately for cochlear histology. Our results show that (1) the SP/AP ratio was significantly elevated in mice with histological ELH compared to controls, (2) the SP/AP ratio was not correlated with the severity of histological ELH or hearing loss, and (3) the severity of hearing loss correlated with the severity of histological ELH. Our study demonstrates that an elevated SP/AP ratio is diagnostic of ELH and that the severity of hearing loss is a better predictor of the severity of ELH than is the SP/AP ratio.