Himehabu lectin, a novel inducer of Ca2+-release from the venom of the snake Trimeresurus okinavensis, in sarcoplasmic reticulum.

The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology

PubMedID: 10579693

Hirata Y, Ito M, Nikai T, Kato S, Komori Y, Sugiura H, Ohizumi Y. Himehabu lectin, a novel inducer of Ca2+-release from the venom of the snake Trimeresurus okinavensis, in sarcoplasmic reticulum. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1999;51(10):1207-11.
The lectin himehabu lectin (HHL) has recently been isolated from crude venom of the snake Trimeresurus okinavensis. Ca2+ -electrode and fluorescent Ca2+ -indicator experiments showed that HHL induced release of Ca2+ from the heavy fraction of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (HSR). The release of Ca2+ induced by caffeine from HSR was abolished by ryanodine, Mg2+ and ruthenium red, typical inhibitors of Ca2+ -release channels, whereas that induced by HHL was only partially reduced by these inhibitors. HHL, unlike caffeine, had no effect on [3H]ryanodine binding to HSR. These results suggest that HHL induces release of Ca2+ which is at least partially mediated through Ca2+ -release channels with novel pharmacological properties.