Radiosensitization of tumor cells through endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by PEGylated nanogel containing gold nanoparticles.

Cancer letters

PubMedID: 24530512

Yasui H, Takeuchi R, Nagane M, Meike S, Nakamura Y, Yamamori T, Ikenaka Y, Kon Y, Murotani H, Oishi M, Nagasaki Y, Inanami O. Radiosensitization of tumor cells through endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by PEGylated nanogel containing gold nanoparticles. Cancer Lett. 2014;.
High atomic number molecules, such as gold and platinum, are known to enhance the biological effect of X-irradiation. This study was aimed to determine the radiosensitizing potential of PEGylated nanogel containing gold nanoparticles (GNG) and the cellular mechanism involved. GNG pretreatment increased the levels of reproductive cell death and apoptosis induced by X-irradiation. GNG accumulated in cytoplasm and increased the expression of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related protein. GNG suppressed the repair capacity of DNA after X-irradiation by down-regulating DNA repair-related proteins. Our results suggest that GNG radiosensitized cells by enhancing apoptosis and impairing DNA repair capacity via ER stress induction.