Second-order sliding mode control for DFIG-based wind turbines fault ride-through capability enhancement.

ISA transactions

PubMedID: 24530194

Benbouzid M, Beltran B, Amirat Y, Yao G, Han J, Mangel H. Second-order sliding mode control for DFIG-based wind turbines fault ride-through capability enhancement. ISA Trans. 2014;.
This paper deals with the fault ride-through capability assessment of a doubly fed induction generator-based wind turbine using a high-order sliding mode control. Indeed, it has been recently suggested that sliding mode control is a solution of choice to the fault ride-through problem. In this context, this paper proposes a second-order sliding mode as an improved solution that handle the classical sliding mode chattering problem. Indeed, the main and attractive features of high-order sliding modes are robustness against external disturbances, the grids faults in particular, and chattering-free behavior (no extra mechanical stress on the wind turbine drive train). Simulations using the NREL FAST code on a 1.5-MW wind turbine are carried out to evaluate ride-through performance of the proposed high-order sliding mode control strategy in case of grid frequency variations and unbalanced voltage sags.