Damage caused during hypoxia and reoxygenation in the locomotor muscle of the crab Neohelice granulata (Decapoda: Varunidae).

Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology

PubMedID: 24534149

Geihs MA, Vargas MA, Nery LE. Damage caused during hypoxia and reoxygenation in the locomotor muscle of the crab Neohelice granulata (Decapoda: Varunidae). Comp Biochem Physiol, Part A Mol Integr Physiol. 2014;.
The aim of this work was to determine whether different durations of severe hypoxia (0.5 mgO2.L(-1)) followed by reoxygenation cause damage to the locomotor muscle of the crab Neohelice granulata. We evaluated reactive oxygen species (ROS), lipid peroxidation (LPO), mitochondrial membrane potential, and aerobic fiber area of the locomotor muscle after different periods of hypoxia (1, 4, or 10h) followed by 30 or 120min of reoxygenation. Additionally, changes in cell volume, mitochondrial dysfunction, and infiltration of hemocytes were evaluated after hypoxia and a subsequent 2, 24, or 48h of reoxygenation. After hypoxia, neither ROS nor LPO increased. However, mitochondrial membrane potential and aerobic fiber area decreased in a time-dependent manner. After reoxygenation, the ROS and LPO levels increased and mitochondrial membrane potential decreased, but these quickly recovered in crabs exposed to 4h of hypoxia. On the other hand, alterations of mitochondria resulted in morphological changes in aerobic fibers, which required more time to recover during reoxygenation after 10h of hypoxia. The locomotor muscles of the crab N. granulata suffer damage after hypoxia and reoxygenation. The intensity of this damage is dependent on the duration of hypoxia. In all experimental situations analyzed, the locomotor muscle of this crab was capable of recovery.