Comparison of epinephrine and Shen-Fu injection on resuscitation outcomes in a porcine model of prolonged cardiac arrest.

Chinese medical journal

PubMedID: 24534230

Yin W, Guo Z, Li C. Comparison of epinephrine and Shen-Fu injection on resuscitation outcomes in a porcine model of prolonged cardiac arrest. Chin Med J. 2014;127(4):724-8.
BACKGROUND
Epinephrine has been used as a first-choice vasopressor drug for cardiac arrest (CA) since 1974. However, the administration of epinephrine is controversial. This study aims to compare the effects of Shen-Fu injection (SFI) and epinephrine on resuscitation outcomes in a porcine model of prolonged CA.

METHODS
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was electrically induced. After 8 minutes of untreated VF and 2 minutes of chest compressions, 24 pigs were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 8 per group): central venous injection of SFI (SFI group), epinephrine (EPI group), or saline solution (SA group). The haemodynamic status and oxygen metabolism parameters, including cardiac output, mean arterial pressure, left ventricular dp/dtmax and negative dp/dtmax, oxygen delivery (DO2), and oxygen consumption (VO2), were calculated.

RESULTS
SFI shortened the time to restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and decreased the number of shocks, similar to epinephrine. However, the mean arterial pressure, cardiac output, left ventricular dp/dtmax and negative dp/dtmax were significantly higher in the SFI group than in the EPI group at 4 and 6 hours after ROSC. VO2 and ERO2 decreased after ROSC and then increased. VO2 and ERO2 were significantly higher in the SFI group than in the EPI and SA groups after ROSC, while those were lowest in the EPI group among all groups.

CONCLUSIONS
SFI shortened the time to ROSC and decreased the number of shocks, similar to epinephrine. However, SFI improved oxygen metabolism, and produced a better hemodynamic status compared with epinephrine. SFI might be a potentially vasopressor drug for the treatment of CA.