Designable Architectures on Nanoparticle Surfaces: Zirconium Phosphate Nanoplatelets as a Platform for Tetravalent Metal and Phosphonic Acid Assemblies.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

PubMedID: 24575837

Mosby BM, Goloby M, Díaz A, Bakhmutov V, Clearfield A. Designable Architectures on Nanoparticle Surfaces: Zirconium Phosphate Nanoplatelets as a Platform for Tetravalent Metal and Phosphonic Acid Assemblies. Langmuir. 2014;.
Surface-functionalized zirconium phosphate (ZrP) nanoparticles were synthesized using a combination of ion exchange and self-assembly techniques. The surface of ZrP was used as a platform to deposit tetravalent metal ions by direct ion exchange with the protons of the surface phosphate groups. Subsequently, phosphonic acids were attached to the metal ion layer, effectively functionalizing the ZrP nanoparticles. Use of axially oriented bisphosphonic acids led to the ability to build layer-by-layer assemblies from the nanoparticle surface. Varying the metal ion and ligand used allowed designable architectures to be synthesized on the nanoparticle surface. X-ray powder diffraction, XPS, electron microprobe, solid-state NMR, FTIR, and TGA were used to characterize the synthesized materials.