[Lamin A/C mutations change differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells].

Tsitologiia

PubMedID: 24592738

Malashicheva AB, Zabirnik AS, Smolina NA, Omel'chenko EA, Dmitrieva RI, Kostareva AA. [Lamin A/C mutations change differentiation potential of mesenchymal stem cells]. Tsitologiia. 2014;55(5):313-7.
Mutations in lamin A/C gene (LMNA) lead to development of severe disorders--laminopathies. Unlike most other types of intermediate filaments, where the pathological effect of mutations is tightly linked to alteration of mechanical and integrative functions, the detailed mechanism of lamin mutations is still unclear and possibly involves the alteration of nuclear signaling and transcriptional processes. Since the mesenchymal lineage tissues such as myocardium, skeletal muscle, adipose and bone tissues are mostly affected in laminopathies, the role of lamin A/C in differentiation process of mesenchymal stem cells has been assumed. The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of LMNA mutations of differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into adipose lineages. In vitro mitagenesis was performed on wild type LMNA gene incorporated in a lentiviral vector. Several previously described mutations in LMNA were used, each associated with a certain phenotype. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells from healthy donors were transduced with lentiviruses bearing either wild-type or mutant LMNA. Cells were then induced to adipose differentiation. We show that mutant LMNA/C promotes differentiation capacity of mesenchymal stem cells as seen by morphological changes and by expression of specific adipose markers.