Doxorubicin pharmacokinetics: the effect of abnormal liver biochemistry tests.

Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology

PubMedID: 9685058

Twelves CJ, Dobbs NA, Gillies HC, James CA, Rubens RD, Harper PG. Doxorubicin pharmacokinetics: the effect of abnormal liver biochemistry tests. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1998;42(3):229-34.
We studied variability in doxorubicin pharmacokinetics in 24 patients with abnormal liver biochemistry tests. Blood samples were collected after the first cycle of single-agent doxorubicin given as an i.v. bolus and plasma levels were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. The relationship between doxorubicin clearance (dose/AUC) and liver biochemistry tests (AST, bilirubin, albumin, alkaline phosphatase and indocyanine green clearance) was investigated. Patients with a raised bilirubin level had reduced doxorubicin clearance, but there was no clear relationship between the extent of this elevation and the reduction in doxorubicin clearance. Doxorubicin clearance was lower in patients with an isolated increase in AST than in those with normal liver biochemistry, but this difference was not statistically significant. Nevertheless, there was a significant correlation between reduced doxorubicin clearance and both raised serum AST levels and low indocyanine green clearance. These pharmacokinetic data suggest that current dose reductions based solely on the extent to which bilirubin is elevated may not be optimal.