Overexpression of cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor gene in the stomach of naturally occurring cholecystokinin-A receptor gene knockout rats.

Digestion

PubMedID: 9468095

Miyasaka K, Kanai S, Ohta M, Jimi A, Kono A, Funakoshi A. Overexpression of cholecystokinin-B/gastrin receptor gene in the stomach of naturally occurring cholecystokinin-A receptor gene knockout rats. Digestion. 1998;59(1):26-32.
We examined the cholecystokinin (CCK)-B/gastrin receptor, H+/K+-ATPase and somatostatin gene expression, the histology and immunohistochemistry of gastrin and somatostatin of the stomach, plasma gastrin levels, and gastric acid secretion in naturally occurring CCK-A receptor gene knockout (Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty, OLETF) rats. The CCK-B/ gastrin receptor, H+/K+-ATPase and somatostatin mRNAs were determined by Northern transfer analysis. The gastric acid secretion and the plasma gastrin level were measured in vivo. The levels of CCK-B/gastrin receptor mRNA in the forestomach and the glandular stomach in OLETF rats were 2-fold higher than those of control rats, although those of H+/ K+-ATPase and somatostatin mRNAs were not different. Histological examination revealed thickening of the fundic mucosa, and hyperplasia and hypertrophy of parietal cells, although immunohistochemistry of gastrin and somatostatin revealed no significant difference from the control rats. Gastric acid secretion stimulated by gastrin or histamine was enhanced, whereas the fasting plasma gastrin level was not significantly different from that in control rats. The overexpression of CCK-B/gastrin receptor mRNA and the hyperfunction of parietal cells were observed in rats without CCK-A receptor gene expression.