Is there a positive relationship between molar incisor hypomineralisations and the presence of dental caries?

International journal of paediatric dentistry / the British Paedodontic Society [and] the International Association of Dentistry for Children

PubMedID: 22384801

Heitmüller D, Thiering E, Hoffmann U, Heinrich J, Manton D, Kühnisch J, Neumann C, Bauer CP, Heinrich-Weltzien R, Hickel R, GINIplus study group. Is there a positive relationship between molar incisor hypomineralisations and the presence of dental caries?. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2013;23(2):116-24.
OBJECTIVE
This epidemiological study aimed to compare the caries experience in 10-year-olds with and without molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH).

METHODS
About 693 children from an ongoing birth cohort study (GINIplus10) were examined for caries lesions to determine the DMF index. Furthermore, enamel hypomineralisation (EH) was scored on all permanent teeth/surfaces, according to the criteria of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Children with EH were categorised into those with a minimum of one EH in the permanent dentition (MIH/1), with EH on at least one-first permanent molar (MIH/1A), on at least one-first permanent molar and permanent incisor (MIH/1B), and on other permanent teeth (MIH/1C).

RESULTS
The mean caries experience was 0.4 (SD 0.9) DMFT. Existence of MIH/1, MIH/1A, MIH/1B, and MIH/1C was determined in 36.5%, 14.7%, 9.4%, and 21.8% of all children. The corresponding DMFT values were the following: no MIH: 0.3 (SD 0.8); MIH/1: 0.5 (SD 0.9); MIH/1A: 0.5 (SD 0.9); MIH/1B: 0.4 (SD 0.9); and MIH/1C: 0.4 (SD 0.9) DMFT. No significant differences were found between all groups.

CONCLUSIONS
There was no relationship between the presence of EH/MIH and caries in 10-year-olds. A ratio of one EH-associated defect to two caries lesions indicates that both conditions are prevalent and influence the oral health status of 10-year-old children from Munich, Germany.