Is anybody listening? A phenomenological study of pain in hospitalized persons with AIDS.

The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC

PubMedID: 9513136

Newshan G. Is anybody listening? A phenomenological study of pain in hospitalized persons with AIDS. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 1998;9(2):57-67.
Pain is a common problem among hospitalized persons with AIDS (PWAs), yet it has not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to understand, using the phenomenological method, the experience of pain in hospitalized PWAs. Multiple sources of data, including interviews with 11 hospitalized PWAs, literature, poetry, and film, were used to investigate the phenomenon. Five broad themes emerged: knowing pain, battling pain, having AIDS, pain's influence, and being a drug user. Multiple barriers to effective pain management were identified. Although there were commonalities in the experience of pain in chemically dependent and nonchemically dependent PWAs, unique challenges for the chemically dependent PWAs were identified. The findings indicate the importance of listening to and believing reports of pain. In addition, the findings underscore the delicate balance that exists between pain relief and relapse in PWAs with a history of chemical dependency.