Collagen remodeling by phagocytosis is determined by collagen substrate topology and calcium-dependent interactions of gelsolin with nonmuscle myosin IIA in cell adhesions.

Molecular biology of the cell

PubMedID: 23325791

Arora PD, Wang Y, Bresnick A, Dawson J, Janmey PA, McCulloch CA. Collagen remodeling by phagocytosis is determined by collagen substrate topology and calcium-dependent interactions of gelsolin with nonmuscle myosin IIA in cell adhesions. Mol Biol Cell. 2013;24(6):734-47.
We examine how collagen substrate topography, free intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca(2+)]i, and the association of gelsolin with nonmuscle myosin IIA (NMMIIA) at collagen adhesions are regulated to enable collagen phagocytosis. Fibroblasts plated on planar, collagen-coated substrates show minimal increase of [Ca(2+)]i, minimal colocalization of gelsolin and NMMIIA in focal adhesions, and minimal intracellular collagen degradation. In fibroblasts plated on collagen-coated latex beads there are large increases of [Ca(2+)]i, time- and Ca(2+)-dependent enrichment of NMMIIA and gelsolin at collagen adhesions, and abundant intracellular collagen degradation. NMMIIA knockdown retards gelsolin recruitment to adhesions and blocks collagen phagocytosis. Gelsolin exhibits tight, Ca(2+)-dependent binding to full-length NMMIIA. Gelsolin domains G4-G6 selectively require Ca(2+) to interact with NMMIIA, which is restricted to residues 1339-1899 of NMMIIA. We conclude that cell adhesion to collagen presented on beads activates Ca(2+) entry and promotes the formation of phagosomes enriched with NMMIIA and gelsolin. The Ca(2+) -dependent interaction of gelsolin and NMMIIA in turn enables actin remodeling and enhances collagen degradation by phagocytosis.