Posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens for myopia of -8 to -19 diopters.

Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995)

PubMedID: 9641420

Zaldivar R, Davidorf JM, Oscherow S. Posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens for myopia of -8 to -19 diopters. J Refract Surg. 1998;14(3):294-305.
PURPOSE
To examine the efficacy, predictability, stability, and safety of posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in patients with extreme myopia.

METHODS
We analyzed the results of 124 eyes that received a posterior chamber hydrogel collagen plate phakic IOL (Staar Collamer Implantable Contact Lens, ICL) for the correction of their myopia. The target postoperative spherical equivalent refraction was emmetropia. Mean follow-up was 11 months (range 1 to 36 mo).

RESULTS
The mean preoperative spherical equivalent refraction was -13.38 +/- 2.23 D (range, -8.50 to -18.63 D). Mean postoperative spherical equivalent refraction at last examination was -0.78 +/- 0.87 D (range, +1.63 to -3.50 D), with 69% (86 eyes) within +/-1.00 D and 44% (55 eyes) within +/-0.50 D of emmetropia. The refraction remained stable with a statistically insignificant change (p > 0.05 at each interval) during follow-up. A gain of two or more lines of spectacle-corrected visual acuity was seen in 36% (45 eyes) at last examination. One eye (0.8%) lost two or more lines of spectacle-corrected visual acuity from a retinal detachment.

CONCLUSION
Posterior chamber phakic IOL implantation with the Staar Collamer plate lens is an effective and safe method for reducing or correcting myopia between -8 and -19 D. Gains in spectacle-corrected visual acuity were common, and results suggested good refractive stability. Improvements in phakic IOL power calculation formulas are needed to improve the predictability of refractive outcome.