Characterization of hyaluronan synthase from a human glioma cell line.

Biochimica et biophysica acta

PubMedID: 9555098

Asplund T, Brinck J, Suzuki M, Briskin MJ, Heldin P. Characterization of hyaluronan synthase from a human glioma cell line. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998;1380(3):377-88.
In the present study we describe a method to prepare membranes with high hyaluronan synthase activity from human glioma cells by pretreatment of the cells with both testicular hyaluronidase and 4-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). A 23-fold increase in hyaluronan synthase activity was detected in comparison to untreated cells. Using isolated membranes as a source of hyaluronan synthase activity we demonstrate that chain elongation occurs at the reducing end of the hyaluronan molecule. We also present a method to solubilize hyaluronan synthase in active form with 1% digitonin. The solubilized synthase synthesized shorter hyaluronan chains than the membrane bound enzyme. Partial purification of the solubilized enzyme on a Superdex-200 column revealed a 12-fold increase in specific activity. Affinity purified polyclonal antibodies, raised against a synthetic peptide corresponding to the carboxy-terminus of the deduced protein sequence of human hyaluronan synthase recognized a 66 kDa component in the purified preparations. The elution position of the solubilized hyaluronan synthesizing activity immediately after V0 corresponding to a molecular mass of about 600 kDa, suggested that the 66 kDa enzyme forms a complex with other components which may have accessory or regulatory roles during hyaluronan synthesis.