Immediate and long-term results of a modified simultaneous kissing stenting for percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary artery bifurcation lesions.

The Journal of invasive cardiology

PubMedID: 23468441

Isaaz K, Bayle S, Lamaud M, Robin C, Cerisier A, Mayaud N, Richard L, Sabry MH, Khamis H, Abd-Alaziz A, Da Costa A. Immediate and long-term results of a modified simultaneous kissing stenting for percutaneous coronary intervention of coronary artery bifurcation lesions. J Invasive Cardiol. 2013;25(3):126-31.
OBJECTIVES
We propose a modified simultaneous kissing stenting technique (MSKS) based on systematic implantation of a protective stent in the proximal main vessel (PMV) proximally to the bifurcation before simultaneous kissing stenting (SKS).

BACKGROUND
SKS has been proposed in large-size coronary vessel bifurcation lesions (BLs) when the PMV can accommodate two stents. SKS implies, however, low-pressure simultaneous final balloon inflations to avoid retrograde PMV dissection or rupture and therefore may not ensure optimal final stent apposition.

METHODS
From January 2005 to May 2008, a total of 97 patients with 100 BLs (true bifurcation in 92%) who underwent MSKS were enrolled in a prospective registry. Drug-eluting stents were used for distal main vessel and side branch. Drug-eluting or large-size bare-metal stents were used as proximal protective stents.

RESULTS
Immediate procedural success rate was 100%. Global restenosis rate was 10% (5% in the main vessel and 8% in the side branch) at follow-up angiogram performed at 7 months in all patients (100%). No patient had early or late stent thrombosis. Two cases of non-fatal very late stent thrombosis occurred at 46 and 64 months. Over a mean 4.5-year follow-up period, target lesion revascularization rate was 11%, with only 3% driven by clinical ischemia.

CONCLUSION
Protective stent systematic implantation in the PMV represents a newly modified SKS technique that allows safe finalization of the procedure by high-pressure kissing balloon final inflation, ensuring optimal stent apposition with high immediate procedural success and low rates of long-term events.