How the presence of three iron binding sites affects the iron storage function of the ferritin (EcFtnA) of Escherichia coli.

FEBS letters

PubMedID: 9720927

Treffry A, Zhao Z, Quail MA, Guest JR, Harrison PM. How the presence of three iron binding sites affects the iron storage function of the ferritin (EcFtnA) of Escherichia coli. FEBS Lett. 1998;432(3):213-8.
The iron storage proteins, ferritins, are found in all organisms which use iron. Here iron storage processes in the Escherichia coli ferritin (EcFtnA) are compared with those in human H-type ferritin (HuHF). Both proteins contain dinuclear iron centres that enable the rapid oxidation of 2 Fe(II) by O2. The presence of a third iron binding site in EcFtnA, although not essential for fast oxidation, causes the O2/Fe ratio to increase from 2 to 3-4. In EcFtnA the rate of iron oxidation falls markedly after the oxidation of 48 Fe(II) atoms/molecule probably because some of it remains at the oxidation site. However a compensatory physiological advantage is conferred because this iron is more readily available to meet the cell's needs.