Integrin-mediated signal transduction in cells lacking focal adhesion kinase p125FAK.

FEBS letters

PubMedID: 9720924

Ueki K, Mimura T, Nakamoto T, Sasaki T, Aizawa S, Hirai H, Yano S, Naruse T, Nojima Y. Integrin-mediated signal transduction in cells lacking focal adhesion kinase p125FAK. FEBS Lett. 1998;432(3):197-201.
We have previously shown that integrin-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of p130Cas (Cas) could be induced in a mouse fibroblast cell line that does not express focal adhesion kinase p125FAK (FAK). By analyzing FAK-deficient (FAK-/-) cells transiently expressing Cas mutant proteins, we demonstrate here that the Src homology 3 (SH3) domain of Cas is indispensable for adhesion-mediated Cas phosphorylation in this mutant cell line. While the FAK directly binds to Cas-SH3, our findings imply that SH3-binding molecule(s) other than FAK might regulate Cas phosphorylation, at least in FAK-/- cells. In this regard, we observed that FAK-/- cells expressed cell adhesion kinase beta (CAKbeta), a protein tyrosine kinase of the FAK subfamily. CAKbeta expressed by FAK-/- cells was associated in vivo with Cas in a Cas-SH3-dependent manner. Moreover, integrin stimulation induces tyrosine phosphorylation of CAKbeta in FAK-/- cells. Thus, our results suggest that CAKbeta contributes to integrin-mediated signal transduction in place of FAK in FAK-deficient cells.