A comparison of the Hamamatsu NIRO 500 and the INVOS 3100 near-infrared spectrophotometers.

Anaesthesia and intensive care

PubMedID: 9807611

Gomersall CD, Leung PL, Gin T, Joynt GM, Young RJ, Poon WS, Oh TE. A comparison of the Hamamatsu NIRO 500 and the INVOS 3100 near-infrared spectrophotometers. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1998;26(5):548-57.
Near-infrared spectroscopy is a technique used for non-invasive measurement of cerebral oxygenation and a number of commercial devices are currently available for use. We compared measurements of cerebral oxygenation made with two near-infrared spectrophotometers--the Somanetics Invos 3100 cerebral oximeter and the Hamamatsu NIRO-500 near-infrared spectrophotometer. Hypoxia was induced in six healthy male volunteers with and without occlusion of scalp blood flow. Oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide tension, regional cerebral oxygen saturation, change in regional cerebral oxyhaemoglobin concentration and change in regional cerebral total haemoglobin concentration were measured. The INVOS 3100 displays cerebral oxygen saturation directly. The NIRO-500 displays change in total haemoglobin concentration and oxyhaemoglobin concentration, and the cerebral oxygen saturation was calculated offline. Statistical analysis disproved the assumption that the INVOS 3100 and the NIRO-500 were measuring the same changes in cerebral oxygenation. Neither machine can be confirmed for reliability against a gold standard and operational difficulties mean that neither can be recommended for routine clinical use.