Methanogenic and perchloroethylene-dechlorinating activity of anaerobic granular sludge.

Applied microbiology and biotechnology

PubMedID: 9830099

Kennes C, Veiga MC, Bhatnagar L. Methanogenic and perchloroethylene-dechlorinating activity of anaerobic granular sludge. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 1998;50(4):484-8.
The biodegradation and toxicity of tetrachlorethylene (C2Cl4) and trichloroethylene (C2HCl3) were studied with different anaerobic enrichment cultures using the following electron donors: acetate, propionate, butyrate, methanol, formate and hydrogen. All of them sustained dechlorination except propionate, for which C2Cl4 biodegradation rates were not significant. The best results were obtained with butyrate. Hydrogen appeared to be a relevant electron donor for dechlorination with the present cultures. In the presence of specific inhibitors such as bromoethanesulphonate or molybdate, a slight inhibition of dechlorination was observed. According to dechlorination kinetics, Monod-type behaviour was observed up to 120 microM C2Cl4 or 200 microM C2HCl3 with Ks values around 7 microM for both compounds. Dechlorination was partially inhibited at higher concentrations. In contrast, methanogens, or at least methane production, were more sensitive to the presence of chlorinated ethylenes and inhibitions of methanogenesis was observed to different extents over all the C2Cl4/C2HCl3 concentration range tested, even at the lowest concentrations.