Effect of denaturant and protein concentrations upon protein refolding and aggregation: a simple lattice model.

Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society

PubMedID: 9865959

Gupta P, Hall CK, Voegler AC. Effect of denaturant and protein concentrations upon protein refolding and aggregation: a simple lattice model. Protein Sci. 1998;7(12):2642-52.
We present a study of the competition between protein refolding and aggregation for simple lattice model proteins. The effect of solvent conditions (i.e., the denaturant concentration and the protein concentration) on the folding and aggregation behavior of a system of simple, two-dimensional lattice protein molecules has been investigated via (dynamic Monte Carlo simulations. The population profiles and aggregation propensities of the nine most populated intermediate configurations exhibit a complex dependence on the solution conditions that can be understood by considering the competition between intra- and interchain interactions. Some of these configurations are not even seen in isolated chain simulations; they are observed to be highly aggregation prone and are stabilized primarily by the aggregation reaction in multiple-chain systems. Aggregation arises from the association of partially folded intermediates rather than from the association of denatured random-coil states. The aggregation reaction dominates over the folding reaction at high protein concentration and low denaturant concentration, resulting in low refolding yields at those conditions. However, optimum folding conditions exist at which the refolding yield is a maximum, in agreement with some experimental observations.