Preliminary study of dose equivalent evaluation for residents in radioactivity contaminated rebar buildings.

Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine

PubMedID: 9745696

Chen WL, Liao CC, Wang MT, Chen FD. Preliminary study of dose equivalent evaluation for residents in radioactivity contaminated rebar buildings. Appl Radiat Isot. 1998;49(12):1641-7.
It has recently been found that several resident and office buildings in Taiwan were constructed with 60Co-contaminated reinforcing steel bar (rebar). Both governmental officials and the residents of such buildings have been concerned about this finding. In order to respond to the situation, the government has adopted a number of remedial measures, including full-scale radiation survey, dose evaluation and physical examinations of residents. This article presents three methods for evaluating the dose equivalents of the residents living in the contaminated rebar buildings by means of gamma-ray survey, necklace-type thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLDs) and the human lymphocyte chromosome aberration analyses. The results reveal that the dose evaluation by gamma-ray survey is rather conservative. Generally for the residents whose annual dose equivalents are greater than 5 mSv (0.5 rem) by gamma-ray survey, the dose equivalents from necklace-type TLDs are only within the range of 20 to 50% of the evaluated values mentioned above. For chromosome analyses, at least 500 lymphocyte cells were scored and analyzed for each resident. Most of the chromosome analysis data show that the dose equivalents received by residents are lower than the detection limit of the method (100 mSv) and quite different from the estimated dose obtained from either gamma-ray survey or necklace-type TLD measurements.