[The laminar organization of the afferent connections of the cortical column in field 17 in the cat].

Morfologiia (Saint Petersburg, Russia)

PubMedID: 9424229

Alekseenko SV, Toporova SN, Makarov FN. [The laminar organization of the afferent connections of the cortical column in field 17 in the cat]. Morfologiia. 1998;112(4):33-5.
The laminar structure of the cortical column connections in area 17 of the cat was studied using the microiontophoretic injection of the horseradish peroxidase. Following the enzyme injection in one column at different depths below the cortical surface the identification of morphological types of labelled neurons and the estimation of their localization were performed. When enzyme has been delivered in the whole depth of the column pyramidal neurons labelled were found in upper (I/III) and lower (V/VI) layers (ratio II;I). When the depth of enzyme injection exceeded the cortex width the cells in layer IV were labelled as well. The ratio between the quantity of cells labelled in upper and lower layers was preserved. (II; I). After the enzyme injection in the upper part of the column labelled cells were found mainly in the upper layers. It is concluded that the neurons of the column of have extensive (up to 5 mm), predominantly horizontal afferent connections with the cells in upper and lower layers while the connections with neurons in layer IV are local and do not extend beyond 0.5 mm.