Trophic effects of melanotropin-potentiating factor (MPF) on cultures of cells of the central nervous system.

Peptides

PubMedID: 9357060

Owen DB, Morley JS, Ensor DM, Allen YS, Miles JB. Trophic effects of melanotropin-potentiating factor (MPF) on cultures of cells of the central nervous system. Peptides. 1998;18(7):1015-21.
MPF is a tetrapeptide (structure Lys-Lys-Gly-Glu) that elicits a variety of neurotrophic effects in vivo consistent with a role in neuronal regeneration. In support of this role, we now show that MPF stimulates the proliferation of cultured astrocytes and neurite outgrowth from cultures of neocortical cholinergic and mesenchephalic dopaminergic neurons. The dose-response relationships are biphasic ("bell shaped"), maximal responses being obtained with 10(-6) M concentrations of MPF. MPF and nerve growth factor seem to act on different receptors, because their effects on cholinergic neurons are synergistic.