Decreased first trimester uric acid production in future preeclamptic patients.

Journal of perinatal medicine

PubMedID: 9350605

de Jong CL, Paarlberg KM, van Geijn HP, Schipper EJ, Bast A, Kostense PJ, Dekker GA. Decreased first trimester uric acid production in future preeclamptic patients. J Perinat Med. 1997;25(4):347-52.
The relationship between first trimester uric acid production and later development of pregnancy induced hypertensive disorders (PIHD) was investigated. An anti-oxidant role for uric acid has been mentioned. Since uric acid and fibronectin (PF) are both markers of preeclampsia, the relationship between these two substances was also studied. Controls (n = 72) and patients with PIHD (n = 120) were selected. Uric acid was measured in serum and 24-hours urine samples (uric acid excretion) and PF in blood plasma in 270 nulliparous women at 13 +/- 2 weeks of gestation. Uric acid excretion was significantly lower in the first trimester in a group of patients who later develop PIHD as compared to patients who remain normotensive (p < 0.05), especially when corrected for body weight (p < 0.01). Patients with elevated PF levels in the first trimester showed a significantly lower uric acid excretion than patients with normal PF levels (p < 0.05). The data show diminished uric acid production in patients who will likely develop preeclampsia suggesting an impaired anti-oxidant production in the first trimester. This observation fits well with the hypothesis that an imbalance between anti-oxidant and oxidants plays an important role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia.