The timing and magnitude of Ca2+ signaling by CD32 depends on its redistribution on the cell surface.

Experimental cell research

PubMedID: 9024789

Roberts GM, Davies EV, Pettit EJ, Hallett MB. The timing and magnitude of Ca2+ signaling by CD32 depends on its redistribution on the cell surface. Exp Cell Res. 1997;230(2):303-9.
Ca2+ signaling was correlated with microaggregation and capping of CD32 molecules on the myeloid cell line, U937. The cytosolic free Ca2+ signal was related to the extent of CD32 cross-linking and arose asymmetrically within individual cells. Both the magnitude and the delay before Ca2+ signaling via CD32 on U937 cells was dependent on the extent of CD32 cross-linking. The delay time was extended in cells in which lateral diffusion in the membrane was reduced by covalently cross-linking of surface proteins. Under these conditions, capping but not surface microaggregation of CD32 molecules was prevented. The delay time before Ca2+ signaling but not the magnitude was also affected. At a higher density of covalent cross-linking of surface proteins, the magnitude of the Ca2+ signal by CD32 was also reduced and could be completely inhibited. This evidence therefore shows that the formation of a CD32 "cap" was not required for Ca2+ signaling by this route. However, the signaling delay time was a consequence of lateral diffusion of CD32 molecules in the membrane to form signaling-competent microaggregates, and the redistribution of CD32 molecules on the cell surface was required for Ca2+ signal generation.