Raised erythrocyte polyamine levels in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with great vessel disease and albuminuria.

Diabetes research and clinical practice

PubMedID: 9279473

Seghieri G, Anichini R, Ciuti M, Gironi A, Bennardini F, Franconi F. Raised erythrocyte polyamine levels in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with great vessel disease and albuminuria. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1997;37(1):15-20.
Erythrocyte content of polyamines has been previously found increased in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus with microalbuminuria. Since increased urinary albumin excretion (AER) is associated with the presence of vascular diseases in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) the aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis that the presence of increased urinary albumin excretion (AER), and of macroangiopathy in NIDDM would be related to a significant modification in polyamine erythrocyte levels. The erythrocyte content of spermine and spermidine was measured by a HPLC method in 39 patients affected with NIDDM and in 24 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects, evaluating the relationship between erythrocyte polyamines of NIDDM patients with the presence of macroangiopathy as well as with retinopathy or increased AER (> or = 20 micrograms/ml). Both spermidine and spermine were not modified in the group of NIDDM patients while the presence of raised urinary AER was characterised by an increase in erythrocyte spermine (11 +/- 1.7 vs. 7.7 +/- 1.7 nmol/ml packed erythrocytes; P = 0.04) and spermidine (18.9 +/- 1.7 vs. 12.6 +/- 1.5 nmol/ml packed erythrocytes; P = 0.02), being both polyamines significantly related to AER and to metabolic control. Erythrocyte spermidine and spermine were moreover significantly higher in the group of patients with macroangiopathy (22.8 +/- 1.5 vs. 12.3 +/- 1.5 nmol/ml; P = 0.0001 and 11.5 +/- 1.7 vs. 7.8 +/- 1.7 nmol/l packed erythrocytes; P = 0.04) and being, moreover, erythrocyte spermidine augmented in patients with retinopathy (24.2 +/- 1.5 vs. 12.2 +/- 1.5 nmol/ml packed erythrocytes; P = 0.009). In conclusion the levels of erythrocyte spermine and spermidine are both associated with the presence of albuminuria and macroangiopathy in NIDDM, while spermidine is on the average increased in the group of diabetic patients with retinopathy.