Subfulminant hepatic failure in autoimmune hepatitis type 1: an unusual form of presentation.

Journal of Hepatology

PubMedID: 9314137

Herzog D, Rasquin-Weber AM, Debray D, Alvarez F. Subfulminant hepatic failure in autoimmune hepatitis type 1: an unusual form of presentation. J Hepatol. 1997;27(3):578-82.
Autoimmune hepatitis type 1 is known to progress insidiously and in many cases cirrhosis is already established at the first presentation of symptoms. It affects mostly females, with peaks of incidence around 10 and 50 years of age. Subfulminant hepatic failure is an unusual initial form of presentation of AIH type 1 and it was observed in three post-pubertal female patients. Rapid disease evolution or no response to immunosuppressive therapy led to liver transplantation in all patients. Two did not have cirrhosis, and the third had focal cirrhosis. The occurrence of the unusual subfulminant form of autoimmune hepatitis in three latepubertal girls (Tanner V) suggests that estrogen may play a role in the severity of the disease.