Mechanisms for increasing stroke volume during static exercise with fixed heart rate in humans.

Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)

PubMedID: 9292454

Nóbrega AC, Williamson JW, Garcia JA, Mitchell JH. Mechanisms for increasing stroke volume during static exercise with fixed heart rate in humans. J Appl Physiol. 1997;83(3):712-7.
Ten patients with preserved inotropic function having a dual-chamber (right atrium and right ventricle) pacemaker placed for complete heart block were studied. They performed static one-legged knee extension at 20% of their maximal voluntary contraction for 5 min during three conditions: 1) atrioventricular sensing and pacing mode [normal increase in heart rate (HR; DDD)], 2) HR fixed at the resting value (DOO-Rest; 73 +/- 3 beats/min), and 3) HR fixed at peak exercise rate (DOO-Ex; 107 +/- 4 beats/min). During control exercise (DDD mode), mean arterial pressure (MAP) increased by 25 mmHg with no change in stroke volume (SV) or systemic vascular resistance. During DOO-Rest and DOO-Ex, MAP increased (+25 and +29 mmHg, respectively) because of a SV-dependent increase in cardiac output (+1.3 and +1.8 l/min, respectively). The increase in SV during DOO-Rest utilized a combination of increased contractility and the Frank-Starling mechanism (end-diastolic volume 118-136 ml). However, during DOO-Ex, a greater left ventricular contractility (end-systolic volume 55-38 ml) mediated the increase in SV.