Determination of intracellular cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-4 in canine T lymphocytes by flow cytometry following whole-blood culture.

Canadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire

PubMedID: 19436583

Papadogiannakis EI, Kontos VI, Tamamidou M, Roumeliotou A. Determination of intracellular cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-4 in canine T lymphocytes by flow cytometry following whole-blood culture. Can J Vet Res. 2009;73(2):137-43.
This report describes a whole-blood flow cytometric method for the determination of intracellular cytokines IFN-gamma and IL-4 in canine T lymphocyte subpopulations. Conjugated anti-cytokine antibodies and commercially available reagents for cell fixation and permeabilization were used. Canine peripheral blood was cultured with a combination of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) and ionomycin to promote cytokine synthesis in each cell, along with monensin to increase the sensitivity of the method by retaining IFN-gamma and IL-4 within the cell to detectable levels. The optimum concentrations of PMA and ionomycin were determined. Maximum IFN-gamma expression from both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes was detected after 6 h of incubation of cell culture, while maximum IL-4 production took 6 h from CD4+ cells and 4 h from CD8+ cells. This method is a simple immunologic technique for measuring intracellular cytokines which could be of value in the investigation of canine immunological response mainly in various intracellular and extracellular infections, since IFN-gamma and IL-4 are considered key cytokines activating the cellular and humoral immunity, respectively.