Induction of erythroid differentiation is associated with inhibition of glycolysis and a decrease in fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels.

International journal of oncology

PubMedID: 21528315

Scher B, Chen J, Fuksina I, Waxman S, Scher W. Induction of erythroid differentiation is associated with inhibition of glycolysis and a decrease in fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels. Int J Oncol. 1997;11(5):1135-40.
The fraction of glucose metabolized to lactate is dramatically reduced during erythroid differentiation of mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cells induced by dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA), or sodium butyrate treatment. In order to determine the mechanism of the reduction in lactate production, several enzymatic steps in glucose catabolism were investigated. No changes in glycolytic enzyme levels were found during differentiation that could account for the alteration in lactate production and alterations in pyruvate kinase activity are known not to occur during MEL cell differentiation. Further, utilizing D-mannoheptulose, a specific inhibitor of hepatic-/tumor-specific glucokinase, no dependence on the activity of this enzyme for growth or differentiation was observed. Therefore, the possibility was entertained that the decrease in lactate production reflected a decrease in fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F-2,6-P-2) which is a major regulator of the lactate production due to its ability to allosterically stimulate phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1) activity. PFK-1 cannot function in the absence of F-2,6-P-2 when only a suboptimal concentration of one of its substrates, fructose-6-phosphate (F-6-P), is present. When assayed under limiting F-6-P concentrations, it was found that following DMSO- or HMBA-induced differentiation, PFK-1 activity was decreased 7-20-fold. This finding suggested that F-2,6-P-2 levels might be controlling lactate production in this system. In keeping with this idea, marked decreases in F-2,6-P-2 levels were found to occur during DMSO- or HMBA-induced differentiation. These data suggest that decreasing F-2,6-P-2 levels account for the decrease in lactate accumulation that occurs during MEL cell differentiation.