Immunological determination of triazine pesticides bound to soil humic acids (bound residues).

Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry

PubMedID: 15048461

Ulrich P, Weller MG, Niessner R. Immunological determination of triazine pesticides bound to soil humic acids (bound residues). Anal Bioanal Chem. 1996;354(3):352-8.
An immunological method for the determination of triazine herbicides covalently bound to soil humic acids has been developed. A sandwich-immunoassay has been performed, based on both polyclonal humic acid-antibodies and monoclonal triazineantibodies. A peroxidase-labelled third antibody has been used for the photometric detection. A triazine-humic acid conjugate served as calibration standard. The coupling density for this conjugate has been determined by measuring the difference of free amino groups both with ninhydrin and with the trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid method. In addition, the coupling density has been confirmed by scintillation counting using a (14)C-atrazine derivative. Due to nonspecific interactions between antibody proteins and humic acids, different blocking steps had to be performed. Finally, the assay has been applied to a triazine contaminated soil sample. Humic acids (including bound residues) have been extracted by diluted sodium carbonate solution. Concentrations of bound atrazine residues have been found in the range of 2 mg/kg soil on fields where triazine herbicides has been applied over a period of 21 years. These results are comparable to both the applied amount and the nonextractable fraction.