Line spread function study of kinestatic charge detectors operating at high gas pressures.

Journal of X-ray science and technology

PubMedID: 21307533

Giakos GC, Ghotra P, Pillai B, Chowdhury S, Vedantham S, DiBianca FA, Jordan LM, Devidas S, Nagarajan S, Endorf RJ. Line spread function study of kinestatic charge detectors operating at high gas pressures. J Xray Sci Technol. 1996;6(4):343-58.
A systematic study of the line spread function (LSF) in the drift direction of a high-pressure ionization chamber for x-ray detection and imaging is presented. Experimental results, obtained by operating a KCD krypton-filled detector at pressures up to 60 atm and constant electric field-to-gas pressure ratio, indicate that the width of the LSF increases with the drift distance and decreases with increasing pressure, both effects being quite large. The hypothesis of this paper is that, at sufficiently high pressures, formation of clusters of molecular ions with a unique or narrowed mobility distribution take place by means of energy exchange mechanisms. Therefore, the LSF of the ionic signal becomes narrower and the FWHM of the ionic signal improves significantly with increasing gas pressure. This research is aimed at investigating methods to improve the spatial resolution as part of the development of a large field-of-view prototype digital radiographic scanner operating on kinestatic charge detection principles.