Stress distribution on a valgus knee prosthetic inclined interline -- a finite element analysis.

Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)

PubMedID: 23464776

Orban H, Stan G, Gruionu L, Orban C. Stress distribution on a valgus knee prosthetic inclined interline -- a finite element analysis. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2013;108(1):91-3.
Total knee arthroplasty following valgus deformity is a challenging procedure due to the unique set of problems that must be addressed. The aim of this study is to determine, with a finite element analysis, the load distribution for an inclined valgus prosthetic balanced knee and to compare these results with those of a prosthetic balanced knee with an uninclined interline. Computational simulations, using finite element analysis, focused on a comparision between load intensity and distribution for these situations. We studied valgus inclination at 3 and 8 degrees. We noticed that for an inclination of 3 degrees, the forces are distributed almost symmetrically on both condyles, similar to the distribution of forces in the uninclined interline case. The maximum contact pressure is greater, increasing from 15 MPa to 19.3 MPa (28%). At 8 degrees of inclination, the contact patch moved anterolateraly on the tibia, meaning that the tibial condyles will be unequally loaded. The maximum contact pressure increases to 25 MPa (66%). These greater forces could lead to polyethylene wear and collapse. Additional tibial resection could be a useful method for balancing in severe valgus knee, when valgus inlination does not exceed 3 degrees.