Trunk muscle parameters determined from MRI for lean to obese males.

Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon)

PubMedID: 11415611

Wood S, Pearsall DJ, Ross R, Reid JG. Trunk muscle parameters determined from MRI for lean to obese males. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1996;11(3):139-144.
Transverse magnetic resonance images at the L(4)-L(5) level of 26 males ranging in body mass index from 19.7 to 39.5 were digitized using a computer video monitor with mouse-mediated digitization software. The digitized musculature included the right and left psoas, rectus, abdominis, quadratus lumborum, oblique, and paraspinal muscle groups. From the digitized profiles, cross-sectional areas, and anteroposterior and mediolateral moments from the vertebral centroid were subsequently calculated. Multiple regression formulae were derived to predict the muscle parameters from the most strongly related anthropometrics. Cross-sectional area and moment arms for lean and obese groups were also compared. Significant regression formulae were derived for the cross-sectional area of the rectus abdominis and obliques, for mediolateral moment arms of the paraspinals, psoas, and obliques, and for anteroposterior moments of all four muscles. Comparison of muscle parameters for lean and obese subjects revealed minimal differences, though normalization of muscle cross-sectional areas by trunk area produced values which were statistically smaller for all muscles of the obese relative to lean subjects. RELEVANCE:--Identifying variations in trunk muscular geometry across specific population groups will assist in further refining the existing morphometric data base used to estimate the forces experienced about the lower back. By identifying these variations, it may be possible to observe factors which may predispose a specific population to low back pain.