Regional distribution of HSP70 proteins after myocardial infarction.

Basic research in cardiology

PubMedID: 8874777

Kilgore JL, Musch TI, Ross CR. Regional distribution of HSP70 proteins after myocardial infarction. Basic Res Cardiol. 1997;91(4):283-8.
Hypoxia and altered hemodynamic status, both components of myocardial infarction, have been shown to be potent inducers of the 70 kD family of heat shock proteins (HSP70). We hypothesized that after infarction, the surviving myocardium would synthesize HSP70 proteins in a temporally and regionally distinct pattern. We believed that there would be a lack of an HSP70 response in the infarcted area (I), reflecting the loss of viable cells. We further postulated that tissues bordering infarctions (M) would have a compromised HSP70 response. Conversely, we proposed that HSP70 would be induced in septal tissues (S) of the infarcted heart, as a hypertrophic adaptation. A rat model of myocardial infarction was used to examine the changes in relative concentration and distribution of three major HSP70 family proteins; cytoplasmic HSP72, mitochondrial HSP75, and endoplasmic reticular GRP78 (glucose regulated protein) during 21 days of recovery. While all three HSP70 family proteins investigated were detected in all hearts from all groups at all time periods, experimental treatment (infarction) induced changes in relative protein concentrations that varied with time and sample site location. Relative concentrations of HSP72 and GRP78 were unchanged in the 24 h following infarction while relative HSP75 concentrations were halved in M tissues during the same time period. Between days 5 and 7, several changes were noted. M samples displayed nearly twice the relative concentrations of HSP75 and GRP78 after infarction, but showed no change in HSP72. S tissues showed two-fold or larger increases in all three HSP70 family proteins. I samples showed unanticipated increases in HSP75 and GRP78 during this time period. After 14 to 21 days of recovery, HSP70 family protein concentration levels in M, S, and I tissues from infarcted hearts had returned to levels similar to those seen in control animals. We conclude that the myocardium is unable to, or does not, mount an immediate HSP70 response after infarction but does recover such activity by 5-7 days after infarction.