Intranuclear redistribution of SV40T, p53, and PML in a conditionally SV40T-immortalized cell line.

Experimental cell research

PubMedID: 8986612

Jiang WQ, Szekely L, Klein G, RINGERTZ N. Intranuclear redistribution of SV40T, p53, and PML in a conditionally SV40T-immortalized cell line. Exp Cell Res. 1996;229(2):289-300.
We have previously reported that EBNA-5, one of the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded proteins, accumulates in the nuclear bodies containing PML, the promyelocytic leukemia associated protein. In this study, we examine the intranuclear distribution of SV40 large T-antigen (SV40T), the p53 tumor suppressor protein (p53), and PML in a conditionally immortalized cell line, IDH4. In IDH4 cells, the expression of SV40T is regulated by a dexamethasone (Dex)-driven promoter. Withdrawal of Dex results in down-regulation of SV40T and growth arrest, whereas addition of Dex to the growth-arrested cells results in up-regulation of SV40T and proliferation. In proliferating IDH4 cells, SV40T is concentrated in nuclear dots that are also positive for p53. Many of these dots are juxtaposed to PML positive structures but do not colocalize with them. After removal of Dex, SV40T-p53 dots gradually disappear, while the PML structures remain. Induction of SV40T in nonproliferating IDH4 cells causes a coordinated redistribution of SV40T and p53. The immunostaining for SV40T and p53 is first weak, then strong with a homogeneous distribution, and 3-4 days later becomes dot-like again. This reappearance of SV40T-p53 dots coincides with the recovery of proliferation in restimulated IDH4 cells. Also, the p53 pattern correlates with the SV40T pattern with regard to both morphology and intensity during both suppression and induction of SV40T. Taken together, our data suggest that (i) the level of p53 is coregulated with the level of SV40T in a dose-dependent fashion; (ii) the formation of SV40T-p53 nuclear dots correlates with the transformed phenotype; (iii) the SV40T-p53 dots localize preferentially to the neighborhood of PML bodies which are already present in normal cells.