Immunohistochemistry for a bifunctional protein in patients with peroxisomal disorders.

Pediatric neurology

PubMedID: 7546007

Imamura A, Kamei A, Suzuki Y, Kondo N, Orii T, Takashima S. Immunohistochemistry for a bifunctional protein in patients with peroxisomal disorders. Pediatr Neurol. 1995;12(4):341-5.
Immunohistochemical studies using antisera against bifunctional protein, a beta-oxidation enzyme, were performed on liver, kidney, and brain tissue specimens from patients with peroxisomal disorders and from controls to investigate the distribution and development of peroxisomes. Bifunctional protein-positive granules were not found in patients with Zellweger syndrome or neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy, whereas positive immunoreactivity was observed from 8 and 6 weeks gestation in the liver and kidney, respectively, and in the brain, from 23-25 weeks in the brainstem neurons and from 12-14 weeks in the white matter glia, in controls. Bifunctional protein immunoreactivity then increased with gestation in the brain. These results suggest that bifunctional protein immunohistochemistry is useful for the detection of peroxisomes, which are closely related to neuronal maturation and gliogenesis in premyelination in human brain development.