Daily variability in resting levels of cardiovascular variables in normal subjects and those with homozygous sickle cell disease.

Clinical autonomic research : official journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society

PubMedID: 7549412

Mohan JS, Marshall JM, Reid HL, Serjeant GR. Daily variability in resting levels of cardiovascular variables in normal subjects and those with homozygous sickle cell disease. Clin Auton Res. 1995;5(3):129-34.
Measurements were made of cardiovascular variables and oral temperature in 16 male subjects with homozygous sickle cell disease (SS) and in 17 matched controls (AA) at 10.00 a.m., 1.00 p.m. and 4.00 p.m. All subjects were in a rested state throughout. At 10.00 a.m., mean arterial pressure was lower, while heart rate, total forearm blood flow and cutaneous red cell flux in the forearm were higher in SS than AA. Vascular resistance in total forearm and forearm skin, calculated by dividing arterial pressure by blood flow or red cell flux, were lower in SS but hand cutaneous red cell flux and vascular resistance were not significantly different in SS and AA. In both SS and AA, there were parallel increases over the three sessions, in mean arterial pressure (by approximately 12 and 10%, respectively) forearm vascular resistance (by approximately 17 and 27%) and hand cutaneous vascular resistance and hand cutaneous resistance (by approximately 2240 and 350%) whereas forearm blood flow and hand cutaneous red cell flux fell. By contrast, forearm cutaneous resistance showed no change during the day in SS, but increased progressively in AA (by approximately 75%). These results indicate that, during the day, there is progressive vasoconstriction in forearm muscle and hand skin in SS and AA and also in forearm skin of AA that contributes to a progressive rise in the resting level of mean arterial pressure. We suggest this daily variability should be considered in studies of cardiovascular function: within a given study they should be performed at the same time of day.