A unique case of sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the sinonasal tract.

Human pathology

PubMedID: 23465282

Su A, Bhuta SM, Berke GS, Lai CK. A unique case of sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the sinonasal tract. Hum Pathol. 2013;44(9):1937-40.
Sclerosing polycystic adenosis is an extremely uncommon, recently described, sclerosing lesion of the salivary glands that appears histologically similar to fibrocystic changes of the breast. The key histopathologic features of sclerosing polycystic adenosis include lobular proliferation of ductal and acinar elements, cystically dilated ducts exhibiting frequent apocrine and sebaceous metaplasia, eosinophilic intracytoplasmic granules within some acinar-type cells, intraductal epithelial hyperplasia, and dense fibrosis. Most described cases have occurred in the major salivary glands, particularly the parotid gland. Although most authorities consider sclerosing polycystic adenosis to be a pseudoneoplastic process, the occurrence of dysplasia and carcinoma in situ of ductal epithelium reported recurrence rates of up to 30%, and recent evidence of clonality suggests a possible neoplastic etiology. However, there have been no cases of metastasis. Herein, we report the first case of sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the sinonasal tract in a 79-year-old woman presenting with a sinonasal mass.