Identification of cell binding sites in the laminin alpha 1 chain carboxyl-terminal globular domain by systematic screening of synthetic peptides.

The Journal of biological chemistry

PubMedID: 7657636

Nomizu M, Kim WH, Yamamura K, Utani A, Song SY, Otaka A, Roller PP, Kleinman HK, Yamada Y. Identification of cell binding sites in the laminin alpha 1 chain carboxyl-terminal globular domain by systematic screening of synthetic peptides. J Biol Chem. 1995;270(35):20583-90.
The laminin alpha 1 chain carboxyl-terminal globular domain has been identified as a site of multiple biological activities. Using a systematic screening for cell binding sites with 113 overlapping synthetic peptide beads that covered this domain, we found 19 potential active sequences. Corresponding synthetic peptides were evaluated for direct cell attachment, spreading, and inhibition of cell spreading to a laminin-1 substrate using several cell lines. Five peptides (AG-10, AG-22, AG-32, AG-56, and AG-73) showed cell attachment activities with cell-type specificities. Cell spreading on AG-10 was inhibited by beta 1 and alpha 6 integrin antibodies and on AG-32 was inhibited by beta 1, alpha 2, and alpha 6 integrin antibodies. In contrast, cell adhesion and spreading on peptide AG-73 were not inhibited by these antibodies. The minimum active sequences of AG-10, AG-32, and AG-73 were determined to be SIYITRF, IAFQRN, and LQVQLSIR, respectively. These sequences are highly conserved among the different species and different laminin alpha chains, suggesting that they play a critical role for biological function and for interaction with cell surface receptors.