Characterization of the taxol binding site on the microtubule. 2-(m-Azidobenzoyl)taxol photolabels a peptide (amino acids 217-231) of beta-tubulin.

The Journal of biological chemistry

PubMedID: 7657589

Rao S, Orr GA, Chaudhary AG, Kingston DG, Horwitz SB. Characterization of the taxol binding site on the microtubule. 2-(m-Azidobenzoyl)taxol photolabels a peptide (amino acids 217-231) of beta-tubulin. J Biol Chem. 1995;270(35):20235-8.
Photoaffinity labeling methods are being used to define the molecular contacts between taxol and its target protein, tubulin. Our laboratory has demonstrated previously that [3H]3'-(p-azidobenzamido)taxol photolabels the N-terminal 31 amino acids of beta-tubulin (Rao, S., Krauss, N.E., Heerding, J.M., Swindell, C.S., Ringel, I., Orr, G.A., and Horwitz, S.B. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 3132-3134). The interaction of a second photoaffinity analogue of taxol, [3H]2-(m-azidobenzoyl)taxol, with tubulin has been investigated. This analogue specifically photolabels beta-tubulin and the photolabeling is completed by both taxol and unlabeled 2-(m-azidobenzoyl)-taxol indicating a common binding domain. To identify the site(s) of photoincorporation, [3H]2-(m-azidobenzoyl)taxol-photolabeled beta-tubulin was subjected to sequential cyanogen bromide and tryptic digestions. Radiolabeled peptides were purified by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography, and amino acid sequencing studies identified a peptide containing amino acid residues 217-231 of beta-tubulin as the major photolabeled domain.