An in vitro Study to Compare the Effectiveness of F-fle with Ultrasonically Activated K-fle to Remove Smear Layer by using a Scanning Electron Microscope.

The journal of contemporary dental practice

PubMedID: 24685782

Shenvi S, Kumar BS. An in vitro Study to Compare the Effectiveness of F-fle with Ultrasonically Activated K-fle to Remove Smear Layer by using a Scanning Electron Microscope. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2014;14(5):825-9.
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the F-fle with an ultrasonically activated #15 K-fle in removing the smear layer after biomechanical instrumentation along with irrigation of Saline, NaOCl and with or without a fush of EDTA. Materials and methods: Sixty decoronated human premolar teeth with a single canal were instrumented with ProTaper using S1, S2 and F1 series to produce the smear layer and randomly divided into two groups. Group A used Ultrasonics and group B used F-fle for activation of irrigants respectively. Each group was further divided in to three subgroups consisting of 10 teeth in each as I, II, III consisting of saline, NaOCl, NaOCl and EDTA as irrigants respectively. SEM micrographs were taken and amount of smear layer removal was analyzed by using Chi-square statistics tests. Results: Most effective smear layer removal was seen only when EDTA was used. There was no statistically signifcant difference between the groups A and B in removal of smear layer. Conclusion: There was no increase in smear layer between use of F-fle when compared with the Ultrasonically activated K-fle. Clinical signifcance: The F-fle although does not have a superior effcacy than the ultrasonics in removal of smear layer from root canals but when used along with EDTA, can be an effective alternative for the dentists who are unable to bear the initial setup cost of ultrasonics. Keywords: F-fle, Smear layer, Scanning electron microscope, Primary research. How to cite this article: Shenvi S, Kumar BS. An in vitro Study to Compare the Effectiveness of F-fle with Ultrasonically Activated K-fle to Remove Smear Layer by using a Scanning Electron Microscope. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(5):825-829. Source of support: Nil Confict of interest: None declared.