Permeability barrier disruption alters the localization and expression of TNF alpha/protein in the epidermis.

Archives of dermatological research

PubMedID: 8060154

Tsai JC, Feingold KR, Crumrine D, Wood LC, Grunfeld C, Elias PM. Permeability barrier disruption alters the localization and expression of TNF alpha/protein in the epidermis. Arch Dermatol Res. 1994;286(5):242-8.
Previous studies have shown that (1) epidermal TNF alpha mRNA levels are increased following acute disruption of the cutaneous permeability barrier; (2) this increase is maximal at 1 h and decreases to control levels by 8 h; and (3) in essential fatty acid-deficient (EFAD) mice, a chronic model of barrier perturbation, TNF alpha mRNA levels are also elevated several-fold over controls. In the present study we determined, using immunocytochemical procedures, epidermal TNF alpha protein levels following either acute of chronic barrier disruption and the localization of any increase. Frozen, paraffin and Antibed sections of skin were incubated with polyclonal anti-mouse TNF alpha antisera and detection was accomplished by either immunoperoxidase or fluorescence procedures. We found that (1) TNF alpha-immunoreactive protein was present in normal mouse epidermis, and was primarily localized to the upper nucleated layers where it displayed a diffuse cytosolic pattern; (2) acute disruption of the barrier with acetone or tape-stripping resulted in TNF alpha staining that was more intense throughout all of the nucleated epidermal cell layers in comparison with normal epidermis; (3) the increase in TNF alpha staining occurred as early as 2 h after barrier disruption; and (4) increased TNF alpha staining was also observed in the stratum corneum of EFAD mice. These results indicate that epidermal TNF alpha protein levels increase after both acute and chronic barrier disruption, and are consistent with the hypothesis that TNF alpha may signal and/or coordinate portions of the cutaneous response to barrier disruption.