Molecular and electronic structures of two (anticonvulsant) diphenylhydantoin derivatives.

Acta crystallographica. Section B, Structural science

PubMedID: 8148098

Ciechanowicz-Rutkowska M, Kiec-Kononowicz K, Howard ST, LIEBERMAN B, Hursthouse MB. Molecular and electronic structures of two (anticonvulsant) diphenylhydantoin derivatives. Acta Crystallogr, B. 1994;50 ( Pt 1)86-96.
1-Benzyl-5,5-diphenyl-2,4-dioxo-3-imidazolidineacetic acid (AC), M(r) = 400.434, triclinic, P1, a = 8.7640 (3), b = 11.112 (1), c = 11.323 (2) A, alpha = 102.10 (2), beta = 95.44 (5), gamma = 109.12 (1)., V = 1002.65 (30) A3, Z = 2, Dx = 1.33 g cm-3, F(000) = 420, mu(Mo K alpha) = 0.852 cm-1, T = 293 K, R = 0.066 for 5551 unique observed reflections. The compound crystallizes from ethanol at room temperature in the form of colourless prism. 3-(2,4-Dichlorobenzyl)-5,5-diphenyl-2,4-dioxo-1-imidazolidineacetic++ + acid (AD), M(r) = 469.323, monoclinic, P2(1), a = 8.0399 (7), b = 9.7237 (6), c = 26.9768 (12) A, beta = 94.281 (4)., V = 2102.92 (96) A3, Z = 4, Dx = 1.48 g cm-3, F(000) = 968, mu(Mo K alpha) = 3.417 cm-1, T = 293 K, R = 0.066 for 5677 unique observed reflections. The compound crystallizes from ethanol at room temperature in the form of colourless prisms. Two approaches are employed in trying to understand the known differences in pharmacological activity: an analysis of the molecular geometries, and electronic structure calculations. A detailed analysis is made of the molecular geometries both from the X-ray diffraction results, and following energy minimization with molecular mechanics. The ab initio calculations employ the energy-minimized conformations. Several electronic properties are intercompared for AC, AD and their common parent molecule diphenylhydantoin (DPH). The analyses of geometry and electronic structure indicate dissimilarities between active and inactive compounds which may be linked to differences in the activity.