Analysis of an origin of DNA amplification in Sciara coprophila by a novel three-dimensional gel method.

Molecular and cellular biology

PubMedID: 8289825

Liang C, Gerbi SA. Analysis of an origin of DNA amplification in Sciara coprophila by a novel three-dimensional gel method. Mol Cell Biol. 1994;14(2):1520-9.
The replication origin region for DNA amplification in Sciara coprophila DNA puff II/9A was analyzed with a novel three-dimensional (3D) gel method. Our 3D gel method involves running a neutral/neutral 2D gel and then cutting out vertical gel slices from the area containing replication intermediates, rotating these slices 90 degrees to form the third dimension, and running an alkaline gel for each of the slices. Therefore, replication intermediates are separated into forks and bubbles and then are resolved into parental and nascent strands. We used this technique to determine the size of forks and bubbles and to confirm the location of the major initiation region previously mapped by 2D gels to a 1-kb region. Furthermore, our 3D gel analyses suggest that only one initiation event in the origin region occurs on a single DNA molecule and that the fork arc in the composite fork-plus-bubble pattern in neutral/neutral 2D gels does not result from broken bubbles.